Brain tumor is the abnormal growth of cells similar to a swelling or mass in any part of the brain. According to the Globocan Report 2018 by the International Association of Cancer Registries (IACR), over 28,142 cases of brain tumor are reported annually in India.
Considering the severity of this life-threatening medical condition, it becomes imperative to spread awareness for breaking the myths and educating people. On June 8, World Brain Tumor Day, here are some of the facts, symptoms, treatment procedures, and preventive measures about Brain Tumor.
Facts about Brain Tumor
- Children, adults, or elderly people – there is no age exempt in brain tumor
- Approximately 1/3rd of brain tumors are cancerous in nature
- The root cause of brain tumor is usually unknown
- The symptoms are determined by the location, type, and size of the brain tumor
Listed below are the most common signs and symptoms that can be observed in an individual who might be suffering from brain tumor:
- Impaired vision
- Weakness in any part of the body like arm, legs
- Speech imbalance
Treatment for Brain Tumor
Brain tumors can be cancerous or non-cancerous, and on the basis of this, there are two major types of treatment courses: medicines or and surgery. While former includes a long, dedicated course of tablets and regular tests, latter usually involves non-extensive surgeries. With the help of new-age technologies at Nayati Healthcare such as Neuro Navigation, Gamma Knife, Stereotaxy, endoscopic brain tumor surgeries, and Microscopic procedures, the outcomes of surgeries have a good success ratio.
In cases of cancerous tumors, the life-expectancy has been considerably increased post-surgery. In addition, some patients may need sessions of radiotherapy or chemotherapy to avoid further repercussions. However, in benign or non-cancerous tumors, surgery is generally sufficient.
Furthermore, it is important to understand that the outcome of a surgery majorly depends upon the type, location, and grade of the tumor.
Can you prevent Brain Tumor?
There are no definitive preventive measures in the case of brain tumors. However, if a person experiences any of the aforementioned symptoms or has a family history of the condition, he/she should visit their nearest physician and get an MRI or CT scan done, as recommended by the doctor.
This World Brain Tumor Day, lets pledge to spread awareness about the disease and be proactive in ensuring timely treatment.
Dr Dhruv Chaturvedi
Senior Consultant (NeuroSurgeon), Vimhans Nayati Hospital, Delhi
MBBS (Gold Medalist) | MS (Gen. Surgery) | MCh (Neurosurgery)