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About gall bladder stone

Vimhans Nayati Super Speciality Hospital is one of the most trusted names when it comes to the treatment of gallbladder stones. Also known as gallstones, these are hard deposits of digestive fluids that develop in the gallbladder, which is a small pouch-like organ that stores the digestive juice, bile. The size of these stones varies from person to person. These can be as small as a grain of sand or as large as a golf ball. A person can have a single stone or multiple stones at the same time.

If left untreated for long, gall bladder stones can give rise to various complications and are often associated with the risks of acute cholecystitis, which is a condition marked by chronic inflammation and infection in the gallbladder. Other complications include jaundice, cholangitis, sepsis and pancreatic inflammation. Hence immediate medical intervention is a must.

Symptoms associated with gallbladder stones

Various symptoms that may indicate the presence of gallstones include:

Sudden pain in the centre and upper right part of the abdomen that keeps on intensifying

  • Pain and discomfort in the right shoulder
  • Pain the back, especially between the shoulder blades
  • Nausea and vomiting

What causes gallbladder stones?

Around 80 per cent of the gallbladder stones are composed of cholesterol whereas the remaining are made up of calcium salts and bilirubin. Although it is not yet known what exactly causes these gallstones, these are considered to be a result of the following:

  • Excess cholesterol in bile – The bile juice contains enough chemicals to dissolve the cholesterol excreted by the liver, however, in case of excess cholesterol the bile is unable to dissolve all of it and this undissolved cholesterol results in the formation of small stones or crystals.
  • Increased bilirubin in bile – Bilirubin is a chemical produced by the breakdown of red blood cells in the body. Increased levels of bilirubin, which may be a result of some underlying conditions like cirrhosis, biliary tract infections and various blood disorders, can also increase the risks of gallstones.
  • Concentrated bile – If the gallbladder is not emptied completely, it may cause the bile to become concentrated, which in turn increases the risks of gallbladder stones.

Factors that increase the risks of gallbladder stones

Risk factors associated with gall bladder stones are generally characterized under 3 categories. These are as under:

  • Unhealthy lifestyle factors like obesity, poor eating habits, rapid gain or loss of weight or stagnant lifestyle.
  • Biological factors like genetics (family history), gender (more common in females) and age (above 60 years of age).
  • Underlying diseases like diabetes mellitus, cirrhosis, high cholesterol etc. Certain medications like those taken for lowering cholesterol or oestrogen levels might also increase the risks of gallstones. However, it is important to consult your doctor about the same and take an approval before you start or stop taking these.

Cutting-edge diagnostic procedures offered

State of the art facilities available at Vimhans Nayati for the diagnosis and assessment of all bladder stones are as under:

  • Abdominal ultrasound – It is the most common diagnostic test recommended for detecting gallstones. A special transducer is moved across the abdomen to send signals which help to create the images.
  • Endoscopic ultrasound – It is an advanced technique that helps to detect smaller stones that might not be visible during the abdominal ultrasound. It involves the use of an endoscope, which is a thin flexible tube that uses sound waves to generate the images of the surrounding tissues.
  • Blood tests – These help to detect infections as well as the prevalence of other ailments like jaundice and pancreatitis.

Treatment options available at Vimhans Nayati

At Vimhans Nayati, we offer both medical and surgical treatments for the management of gallstone. We specialize in laparoscopic cholecystectomy which refers to the surgical removal of the gallbladder to eliminate the problem forever. Laparoscopic or minimally invasive cholecystectomy uses image guidance to access the gallbladder via very tiny incisions. This is carried out with the help of a laparoscope, which is a long narrow tube with a camera attached on it.

Senoir Consultant - MAS Bariatric and GI Surgery

Dr. Saurabh K Goyal


Dr. Saurabh Goyal has an experience of over 10 years and specializes in General, GI, Laparoscopy and Bariatric Surgery.

  • MBBS from R.N.T. Medical College, Udaipur, Rajasthan.
  • MS from S.P. Medical College, Bikaner, Rajasthan.
  • Associate Consultant at Max Smart Super Specialty Hospital, New Delhi.
  • Consultant, Rockland Hospital, New Delhi.
  • Senior Resident, AIIMS, New Delhi.
  • Registered with Delhi Medical Council and Rajasthan Medical Council.
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Senior Consultant - General Surgery

Dr. Amar Nath Srivastava


A noted figure in the field of General Surgery, Dr Amar Nath Srivastava has over two decades of experience with an impeccable track record. He is widely recognised for his expertise in all the modalities of General Surgery including Anorectal, Breast & Laproscopic Surgery

  • Consultant, Endoscopic Urology & Laproscopic Surgery at RG Stone Urological Research Centre
  • Consultant, Trauma & Critical Care at Sehgal Neurological Research Centre, New Delhi.
  • Senior Consultant General & Laproscopic Surgeon at Sehgal Nursing Home, New Delhi.
  • Senior Consultant Surgeon (General & Laproscopic Surgery) at Sanjeevan Hospital, New Delhi.
  • Senior Consultant Surgeon (General & Laproscopic Surgery) at Banarasidas Chandiwala Hospital, New Delhi.
  • Visiting Consultant Surgeon at Fortis C-Doc Hospital, New Delhi.
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